Focus on Myopia Control with Orthokeratology

Author: Premier Eye Associates

We’ve given you an overview of myopia control, and how it works to improve vision. Now we want to focus closer on a common and effective form of myopia control, orthokeratology. This method of myopia control eliminates the need for glasses or contact lenses during the day by using a gas-permeable contact lens overnight. Orthokeratology has been proven as a safe and effective way to slow the progression of myopia, or nearsightedness. Read on to learn more about ortho-k.


How Does Orthokeratology Work?

The process of orthokeratology aims to gently reshape the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) with overnight wear of a rigid gas-permeable (GP) contact lens. When the lenses are removed in the morning, clear vision is possible without the need for glasses or contact lenses. The contact lenses are specially designed for each patient with very specific shape and size parameters, so that the patients exact refractive error can be fixed. Optometrists take many factors into account when finalizing the treatment lenses so that they work properly and effectively.


What to Expect with Ortho-K

If you or your child decide to use orthokeratology as a method of myopia control, expect a thorough examination before treatment begins. The doctor will do a series of specialized tests, focusing on the front surface of the eye, to determine the proper treatment lens. They will likely trial a few lenses until the proper fit is found. When treatment with ortho-k starts, there is a one to two-week transition phase while the corneal reshaping begins. During this time, refractive error will gradually be reduced and may change day-to-day. The optometrist will provide daily disposable lenses to wear during the day throughout this treatment period. After the transition phase is finished and the treatment is in full-effect, only the GP lenses will be needed at night with no correction required during the day. Depending on the amount of initial myopia, the GP lenses may only need to be worn every other night.


Is Ortho-K a Good Option for Myopia Control?

Orthokeratology is a great option for a wide variety of patients. It has been repeatedly proven effective in correcting refractive error and reducing myopic progression, so it is a great option for those who do not want to wear contacts or glasses on a daily basis. It is a particularly popular option for children who have higher amounts of myopia than age-expected norms. Many active children who participate in sports, such as swimming, find ortho-k to be a great option by providing clear vision without worrying about sport-appropriate corrective wear. It is a safe and healthy option, as it is very unlikely for gas-permeable contact lenses to cause infections. While orthokeratology treatments may have up-front costs for the fitting process and lenses, it is oftentimes a money-saving option in the long run, as it eliminates the annual expenses of glasses or contact lenses. Additionally, by reducing the overall progression of myopia, it can reduce the risk of future ocular complications.


Dr. Anthony Spina and the staff of Premier Eye Associates is trained in the myopia control, orthokeratology, and other advanced techniques.  Call us  at (334) 539-5391 or schedule an appointment online. Our office and eye doctor provide the highest quality services in Auburn, AL area.

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