What to Expect Before and After Orbital Fracture Surgery

Author: Premier Eye Associates

An orbital fracture, a break in the bones surrounding the eye socket, can result from trauma or injury to the face. Surgery may be necessary to repair severe orbital fractures and restore the integrity of the orbital structure. Before and after orbital fracture surgery, patients can anticipate a series of expectations in terms of preparation, procedure, recovery, and postoperative care. Here's what to expect before and after undergoing orbital fracture surgery.


Pre-Surgery Preparation

Before orbital fracture surgery, your healthcare team will conduct a thorough evaluation to assess the extent of the fracture, determine the surgical approach, and discuss the procedure with you. Preoperative preparation may involve imaging studies, blood tests, medical history review, and anesthesia consultation to ensure you are in optimal condition for surgery.


Surgical Procedure

During orbital fracture surgery, the damaged bones in the eye socket are realigned and secured using surgical techniques such as plating, wiring, or implant placement. The surgical approach depends on the location and severity of the fracture, with the goal of restoring orbital anatomy, preserving vision, and minimizing complications associated with the injury.


Anesthesia and Monitoring

You will be under general anesthesia during orbital fracture surgery to ensure comfort and safety throughout the procedure. An anesthesiologist will monitor your vital signs and anesthesia levels to maintain proper sedation and pain control. Close monitoring during surgery helps mitigate risks and optimize surgical outcomes.


Recovery Period

After orbital fracture surgery, you can expect a period of recovery and healing as the surgical site stabilizes and the bones mend. Pain, swelling, bruising, and mild discomfort are common in the initial days following surgery. Your healthcare team will provide pain management strategies, wound care instructions, and postoperative guidelines to facilitate a smooth recovery process.


Postoperative Care and Follow-Up

Following orbital fracture surgery, diligent postoperative care is essential to promote healing and prevent complications. Your healthcare provider will advise you on postoperative care practices, including wound care, medication management, activity restrictions, and follow-up appointments to monitor your progress and ensure proper recovery.


Swelling and Bruising

Swelling and bruising around the eyes are normal after orbital fracture surgery and typically subside over time. Applying cold compresses, elevating your head while resting, and taking prescribed medications can help alleviate swelling and discomfort during the early stages of recovery.


Vision and Eye Health

It is common for patients to experience temporary changes in vision, eye discomfort, or double vision following orbital fracture surgery. These symptoms often improve as the healing process progresses, but it is important to communicate any persistent vision changes or concerns with your healthcare provider for further evaluation.


Activity Restrictions

During the recovery phase, you may be advised to refrain from strenuous activities, heavy lifting, bending over, or engaging in activities that could strain the eyes or facial muscles. Adhering to activity restrictions helps prevent injury to the surgical site and supports optimal healing.


Long-Term Follow-Up

Regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider are essential for monitoring your progress, assessing the healing of the orbital fracture, and addressing any lingering symptoms or concerns. Long-term follow-up care helps ensure the success of the surgery, track your recovery trajectory, and address any potential complications promptly.


Expectations Before and After Orbital Fracture Surgery

Navigating orbital fracture surgery involves comprehensive preparation, skilled surgical intervention, diligent postoperative care, and attentive monitoring to achieve optimal outcomes and promote healing. By understanding the expectations before and after orbital fracture surgery, patients can approach the surgical process with confidence, awareness, and a proactive mindset towards recovery and well-being. 


Dr. Anthony Spina and the staff of Premier Eye Associates specialize in glasses, soft contact lenses, hard contact lenses, and medical eye exams. Call our eye doctor in Auburn, AL today at (334) 539-5391 or schedule an appointment online if you are interested in learning more about complications that may arise over the long term before and after orbital fracture surgery.  Our optometrist provides only the highest quality eye care services amongst eye doctors in the Auburn Alabama area.

Proud Members

Auburn-Opelika’s Best Eye Doctor by the OA News Reader’s Choice